Attentional cue. To prevent attentional suppression around the cue location from...

While the attentional effects of social cues may be driven by high evo

PMID: 16502846. 10.3758/bf03193557. We investigated the role of spatial probabilities in target location during participants' performance of a visual search task. Experiments 1 and 2 demonstrated that spatial probabilities could serve as a powerful attentional bias that produced faster detection of targets in high-probability locations than of ...Dec 28, 2021 · Intriguingly, however, we found differences between the impact of visual, auditory, and audiovisual reward cues on attentional guidance depending on the length of the cue-target interval (i.e., SOA), as signified by a four-way interaction between all factors (Fig. 2g). While the effect of visual reward cues on response speed was differentially ... Nov 1, 2020 · Any neural response or overt performance benefits (e.g., a fMRI activation and/or greater ERPs as well as a motor response facilitation) for cued targets are attributed to the cue's ability to direct attention, with the time course of attentional orienting effects revealed by the change in the processing profile across the cue-target intervals ... The phenomenon of valid cues producing longer reaction times than invalid cues is called inhibition of return. Endogenous (from Greek endo , meaning "within" or "internally") orienting is the intentional allocation of attentional resources to a predetermined location or space. Attentional cueing biases familiarity-based recognition judgments. This effect is well explained by the hypothesis regarding unintentional processing about the source of fluency. As attentional cueing is a simple yet powerful method for manipulating fluency, it would be of great service for future research to further elucidate the contribution ...This hypothesis was supported by some research in attention. For example, under high physiological arousal, the attention field narrows (cf. Easterbrook, 1959), which has a positive effect on performance if it blocks out unimportant distractions but a negative effect if the narrowing is so great that task-relevant cues are missed.Search for: 'cue utilization theory' in Oxford Reference ». A theory that predicts that, as an athlete's arousal increases, his or her attention focus narrows and the narrowing process tends to gate out irrelevant environmental cues first and then, if arousal is high enough, the relevant ones. This results in reducing the availability of ...By varying the retinal size of the cue while keeping its perceived size constant (Exp. 1), we found that a cue with smaller retinal size significantly facilitated attentional orienting as compared ...A significant attentional effect was found at the SOA of 300 ms (t(19) = 4.08, p < 0.01, Bonferroni corrected), namely facilitation of visual acuity occurred when the target was presented 50 ms after the attentional cue. No significant attentional effect was found when the SOA was shorter or longer (ps > 0.05 for the remaining SOAs). Experiment 2Fig. 10.1.1 Using the nonvolitional cue based on saliency (red cup, non-paper), attention is involuntarily directed to the coffee. After drinking coffee, you become caffeinated and want to read a book. So you turn your head, refocus your eyes, and look at the book as depicted in Fig. 10.1.2.Jan 12, 2021 · In addition, we did not find attentional bias in the cueing pair of low versus no reward, even though during training the two cues also showed a significant difference in their selection rates. Taken together, these results indicated that the attentional effect might not be caused by a habit/orienting response or selection history of a specific ... Attentional Cues (Posner) • Focus visual attention to an area by using a cue – “Spotlight” or “zoom lens” • measure time to identify target item when: – observer does not know where item will appear – observer does know where item will appear • cue is a briefly presented dot at the location of targetThis BM-triggered attentional effect persists when only the feet motion cue is displayed and observers are naïve to its biological nature . Moreover, such attentional orienting behavior triggered ...Jackson (2017) haveshown that gazecues but not arrow cues improved memory accuracy for cued information. Although the dissociations between gaze and arrow cues described above are consistent with the view that eye gaze represents a unique and special attention cue, a weakness in the overall pattern of findings is noteworthy: namely, the ab-Importantly, the cue-related P100 was larger for subsequently seen targets than for unseen targets when attentional cues were valid; in contrast, P100 was larger for subsequently unseen than for seen targets when attentional cues were invalid (Figure 3). The P100 component elicited by the cue might well index the capture of attention that the ...Importantly, the cue-related P100 was larger for subsequently seen targets than for unseen targets when attentional cues were valid; in contrast, P100 was larger for subsequently unseen than for seen targets when attentional cues were invalid (Figure 3). The P100 component elicited by the cue might well index the capture of attention that the ...These supplemental verbal sensory cues highlight attentional and informational processes that influence learning or performance (Landin, 1994); verbal cues also served as positive reinforcement ...1987). Essentially, when a peripheral cue is presented, attention is reflexively drawn to its location (Jonides, 1981). This phenomenon, known as attention capture (or attentional capture), acts very rapidly, exerting its max-imal influence on attentional orientation 100 msec after cue onset (Cheal & Lyon, 1991; Wright & Ward, 1994).Posner cueing task. The Posner cueing task, also known as the Posner paradigm, is a neuropsychological test often used to assess attention. Formulated by Michael Posner, [1] it assesses a person's ability to perform an attentional shift. It has been used and modified to assess disorders, focal brain injury, and the effects of both on spatial ...How attentional modulation on brain activities determines behavioral performance has been one of the most important issues in cognitive neuroscience. This issue has been addressed by comparing the temporal relationship between attentional modulations on neural activities and behavior. Our previous study measured the time …Behavioral and neural studies of selective attention have consistently demonstrated that explicit attentional cues to particular perceptual features profoundly alter perception and performance. The statistics of the sensory environment can also provide cues about what perceptual features to expect, but the extent to which these more …Spatial cueing of attention occurs when attention is oriented by the onset of a stimulus or by other information that creates a bias towards a particular location. The …A significant attentional effect was found at the SOA of 300 ms (t(19) = 4.08, p < 0.01, Bonferroni corrected), namely facilitation of visual acuity occurred when the target was presented 50 ms after the attentional cue. No significant attentional effect was found when the SOA was shorter or longer (ps > 0.05 for the remaining SOAs). Experiment 2on invalid cue trials, RTs are slower if the cues are threat related, rather than neutral, which seems to suggest a difficulty in disengaging attention from the threat location. However, if threat cues have a slowing effect on RTs, as well as an attentional cueing effect, both should be taken into account when interpreting the results.tional cues on people with ID in a 3-D VR environment, such that results obtained in the cur-rent study could be well generalized and applied to design effective attentional cues in VR training programs for the target population. The current study addresses two main research questions regarding the attentional charac-teristics of people with ID.The spatial cueing paradigm is a popular tool to investigate under what conditions irrelevant objects capture attention against the observer’s intention. In this paradigm, finding better visual search performance when the target appears at the location of an irrelevant cue is taken to indicate that this cue summoned attention to its location, before the search display appeared. Here, we ...Aug 1, 2019 · These sets of results showed that unconscious guidance of attention is susceptible to attentional control settings. Similarly, Mulckhuyse, Talsma, and Theeuwes [ 38] also showed that cues presented subliminally can exogenously capture attention. A single grey circle presented for 16 ms served as the subliminal cue. Footnote 1 Evidence that participants can direct attention away from negatively cued colors or toward positively cued colors focuses on benefits to attentional processing for these informative cues compared with the neutral cue baseline. Some typical dependent variables indicating a benefit include faster RTs, higher accuracy, or overt or ...Jul 26, 2021 · The dichotic listening task manipulated the attentional focus and semantic predictability of upcoming input using two separate visual cues. We investigated whether informative cues would enhance ... The beneficial effect of valid compared to invalid cues on attention performance is a basic attentional mechanism, but the impact of emotional content on cue validity is poorly understood. We tested whether the effect of cue validity on attention performance differed when cues were angry, happy, or neutral faces. Moreover, we used scalp-recorded event-related potentials (ERPs) reflecting the ...In Experiment 1, we investigated whether attentional bias towards happy face cues in the dot-probe task occurs only if the target on a given trial has to compete for attention with a simultaneously presented distractor stimulus (i.e., if it is not an onset-singleton).Participants performed a dot-probe task with happy face cues and two target …Apr 6, 2023 · This cue-related effect may have been caused by the activation of an attentional alerting system or endogenous attentional orientation of the cue. To understand how a cue’s enhancement of ABE works, Experiment 2 was conducted to investigate if a cue still had a beneficial effect on ABE when the time interval between the cue and target was ... A significant attentional effect was found at the SOA of 300 ms (t(19) = 4.08, p < 0.01, Bonferroni corrected), namely facilitation of visual acuity occurred when the target was presented 50 ms after the attentional cue. No significant attentional effect was found when the SOA was shorter or longer (ps > 0.05 for the remaining SOAs). Experiment 2On invalid trials, the attentional cue at the beginning of the trial did not match the probe at the end (e.g., participants were attending to room layouts, and at the end of the trial were probed as to whether there was an art match). If attention is effectively engaged by the cue at the beginning of the trial, participants should be more ...This BM-triggered attentional effect persists when only the feet motion cue is displayed and observers are naïve to its biological nature . Moreover, such attentional orienting behavior triggered ...Extensive prior research concerned with the type of representation on which attention operates suggests that there are at least two types of attentional mechanisms: a space-based mechanism and other object-based. Our findings clearly support this conclusion. We manipulated visual attention with a variation of the pre-cueing paradigm …Aug 9, 2019 · Attentional focus, in the context of sport and exercise performance, refers to the process in which the athlete allocates mental resources to cues, stimuli, or states. Attentional focus is commonly classified along one or more dimensions. Nideffer (1976) proposed two dimensions of direction (internal or external) and width (broad or narrow). In order to assess the effectiveness of the attentional cue, the two types of attentional cues were further divided into three cue-validity conditions. Participants were trained, on a novel task, to detect the presence of a complex gabor patch embedded in fixed Gaussian contrast noise while contrast thresholds were varied.Abstract. The cue-reactivity paradigm is a widely adopted neuroimaging probe engendering brain activity linked with attentional, affective, and reward processes following presentation of appetitive stimuli.It is well known that attentional selection is sensitive to the regularities presented in the display. In the current study we employed the additional singleton paradigm and systematically manipulated the probability that the target would be presented in one particular location within the display (probabilities of 30%, 40%, 50%, 60%, 70%, 80%, and 90%). The results showed the higher the target ...Furthermore, it was found that an attentional bias to reward, measured with an adapted version of the Posner spatial attention-cueing task, was associated with behavioral problems in 5 year old children (He et al. 2016). It is however untested whether an attentional bias to reward as indexed by a spatial orientation task is related to and …Attentional focus, in the context of sport and exercise performance, refers to the process in which the athlete allocates mental resources to cues, stimuli, or states. Attentional focus is commonly classified along one or more dimensions. Nideffer proposed two dimensions of direction (internal or external) and width (broad or narrow).In the first study directly designed to examine negative cues, Arita et al. found positive cues led to RT benefits compared with neutral cues, in line with the major theories of …Second, the effects of smoking cues on smokers' attention observed in the attentional blink task were similar to those of sports cues on sports enthusiasts' attention. Specifically, at lag 3, when the attentional blink should be near its peak, sports enthusiasts showed a larger blink for T2s following neutral T1s than for those following sports ...Despite considerable interest in both action perception and social attention over the last 2 decades, there has been surprisingly little investigation concerning how the manual actions of other humans orient visual attention. The present review draws together studies that have measured the orienting of attention, following observation of another’s …Aspects of speech delivery include nonverbal cues, voice quality, pronunciation and audience engagement. These components work together to create a delivery that sounds natural and conversational.Attentional focus occurs when an individual voluntarily concentrates on a specific body activity or muscle engagement while performing an exercise. Typically, attentional focus as discussed in research and practice is divided between external or internal dimensions.The purpose of this study was to assess stress effects on the top-down control of spatial attention isolated from concurrent bottom-up mechanisms. We analyzed posterior alpha lateralization in the cue-target interval reflecting cue-dependent attentional top-down effects in the absence of stimulus processing.Abstract. The cue-reactivity paradigm is a widely adopted neuroimaging probe engendering brain activity linked with attentional, affective, and reward processes following presentation of appetitive stimuli.Oct 1, 2016 · Abstract. Background: The phenotype of addiction includes prominent attentional biases for drug cues, which play a role in motivating drug-seeking behavior and contribute to relapse. In a separate line of research, arbitrary stimuli have been shown to automatically capture attention when previously associated with reward in non-clinical samples. Highlights Rapid arrow cueing effects previously attributed to rapid attentional orienting. We observed rapid effects only for long-duration cue and target stimuli. Largest effect when target simultaneous with cue, before attention can shift. Effects reflect slowing for invalidly cued targets, not speeding for valid targets. Effects attributable to cue-target …Dear Lifehacker, I've been trying to get my city council to pay attention to some issues in my neighborhood that have been going on for a while now. We have a dangerous intersection that desperately needs a four-way stop, and the trees and ...If the attentional response is automatic, we would expect to see cuing even in non-predictive conditions, because in the absence of a reliable relationship between the direction of the central cue and location of the target, any RT advantage in the direction of the central image is attributed to the inherent attentional directing of the cue.Experiment 1 assessed the role of attentional focus on perceptual learning of non-native-accented speech. If listeners must actively attend to linguistic information to learn accent regularities, then relatively more robust generalization will be observed for listeners who are encouraged to attend to linguistic rather than indexical cues during exposure.Although both gaze cues and arrow cues contain directional properties, what makes the gaze cue unique is its social meaning. Attentional shift by gaze cues has been regarded as a precursor of gaze‐following ability (Emery, 2000). Gaze following is essential to joint attention and the “theory of mind” system (Baron‐Cohen, 1995).the attentional cue was valid). On the remaining 20% of trials (invalid trials), we tested performance at the unattended location using only aWe used a spatial cueing task with block-wise spatial attention cues that directed attention to either left or right visual field, in which Gabor gratings of either predicted (more …Reported enhancements of target detection performance at very short intervals following an arrow cue have led to the suggestion that arrows, being highly overlearned stimuli, can trigger rapid automatic shifts of spatial attention (within 100 ms) similar to peripheral cues (e.g., Ristic et al., 2007, Tipples, 2002 ).These constructs and their relationships to each other can be seen in figure 8.3. Understanding attentional styles can improve coaching effectiveness. For example, a player who tends to become overloaded with external stimuli might be coached to focus on one important cue, such as an opponent’s footwork. Athletes who seem to get lost in their ... If you’re always on the lookout for great movies to add to your streaming queue, then you’ve come to the right place. Get ready to cue the drama with our list of some of the best dramatic movies to hit the big screen in the last decade.Attentional-focus cues can be either internal (directed toward the body) or external (targeting something beyond the body) (Wulf, Hoss & Prinz 1998). Two examples: Internal cue: A trainer guiding a client through the upward portion of a bench press says, “Focus on extending your arms and squeezing your chest.”.A limitation of the single-cue approach is that attentional focus effects could be due either to focus direction (internal vs. external) or to the relative effectiveness of a particular cue (e.g. an effective externally focused cue vs. an ineffective internally focused cue). This study tested whether external focus benefits generalize to ...Attentional selection is driven, in part, by a complex interplay between endogenous and exogenous cues. Recently, one’s interactions with the physical world have also been shown to bias attention. Specifically, the sense of agency that arises when our actions cause predictable outcomes biases our attention toward those things which we control. We investigated how this agency-driven ...Behavioral and neural studies of selective attention have consistently demonstrated that explicit attentional cues to particular perceptual features profoundly alter perception and performance. The statistics of the sensory environment can also provide cues about what perceptual features to expect, but the extent to which these more …In task-irrelevant attentional cues condition, participants were instructed to focus on the sound and after each jump expressed that what had been the music content. Kinematic data of knee joint ...In today’s competitive marketplace, creating compelling ads is essential to grab attention and drive results. With so many advertisements vying for consumers’ attention, it’s crucial to develop strategies that stand out from the crowd.Abstract. Background: The phenotype of addiction includes prominent attentional biases for drug cues, which play a role in motivating drug-seeking behavior and contribute to relapse. In a separate line of research, arbitrary stimuli have been shown to automatically capture attention when previously associated with reward in non-clinical samples.Similar to our study, Voloh et al. reported that in the absence of an external sensory entrainment, attentional cues can induce a phase reset which can synchronize high frequency activities and ...Based on previous studies, as two different kinds of cues, the attentional orienting triggered by non-predictive gaze and arrow cues may exhibit distinct patterns. If the pattern of attentional orienting triggered by gaze cues depends on its social properties, gaze cues ought to direct attention to the specific location, as in Marotta et al. .The cue-reactivity paradigm is a widely adopted neuroimaging probe engendering brain activity linked with attentional, affective, and reward processes following presentation of appetitive stimuli.Inhibition Of Return (IOR) is a well-investigated phenomenon in experimental cognitive psychology: People respond more slowerly to stimuli at locations where they previously (at least 300 ms earlier) viewed a task-irrelevant stimulus (see Klein for review, 2000). The effect of slowing down when responding to previously cued …Apr 5, 2022 · The purpose of this study was to assess stress effects on the top-down control of spatial attention isolated from concurrent bottom-up mechanisms. We analyzed posterior alpha lateralization in the cue-target interval reflecting cue-dependent attentional top-down effects in the absence of stimulus processing. Also the EDAN effect is expected to be differently modulated by the type of attentional shift induced by the cues. EDAN has been linked to the encoding of the spatial information provided by cues and to the resulting beginning of the attentional shift (Harter, Miller, Price, LaLonde, & Keyes, 1989; Hopf & Mangun, 2000; Nobre et al., 2000 ...Dec 28, 2021 · Intriguingly, however, we found differences between the impact of visual, auditory, and audiovisual reward cues on attentional guidance depending on the length of the cue-target interval (i.e., SOA), as signified by a four-way interaction between all factors (Fig. 2g). While the effect of visual reward cues on response speed was differentially ... Prior research suggested that attentional capture by subliminal abrupt onset cues is stimulus driven. In these studies, reacting was faster when a searched-for target appeared at the location of a preceding abrupt onset cue compared to when the same target appeared at a location away from the cue (cueing effect), although the earlier onset of …Ever at dinner with someone who can't look away from the Crackberry? Technologist Linda Stone says this isn't just multi-tasking, it's a case of "continuous partial attention": Ever at dinner with someone who can't look away from the Crackb...We investigated whether symbolic endogenous attentional cues affect perceptual accuracy and reaction time (RT) via different cognitive and neural processes. We recorded …The spatial cueing paradigm is a popular tool to investigate under what conditions irrelevant objects capture attention against the observer’s intention. In this paradigm, finding better visual search performance when the target appears at the location of an irrelevant cue is taken to indicate that this cue summoned attention to its location, before the search display appeared. Here, we ...Communication of attentional focus from one person to another - a process referred to as "social attention" 1, 2 - arises from a complex web of language and body actions including gaze, head...Although both gaze cues and arrow cues contain directional properties, what makes the gaze cue unique is its social meaning. Attentional shift by gaze cues has been regarded as a precursor of gaze‐following ability (Emery, 2000). Gaze following is essential to joint attention and the “theory of mind” system (Baron‐Cohen, 1995).Facial expressions, gestures, and eye gaze are often identified as the three major types of body language, but other aspects such as posture and personal distance can also be used to convey information. Understanding body language is important, but it is also essential to pay attention to other cues such as context.Teacher John B. says, “We have a school wide attention signal. We are the Giunta Giants. The adult says Giun-ta and two claps. Students say Gi-ants and two claps.” Tanya M. says, “Call the name of your school and they respond back with the mascot name.” Betsy M. shares this one: “Teacher: Warriors Believe!!! Students: Warriors Achieve!Attentional selection is driven, in part, by a complex interplay between endogenous and exogenous cues. Recently, one’s interactions with the physical world have also been shown to bias attention. Specifically, the sense of agency that arises when our actions cause predictable outcomes biases our attention toward those things which we control. We investigated how this agency-driven ...Experiment 1 assessed the role of attentional focus on perceptual learning of non-native-accented speech. If listeners must actively attend to linguistic information to learn accent regularities, then relatively more robust generalization will be observed for listeners who are encouraged to attend to linguistic rather than indexical cues during exposure.colors focuses on benefits to attentional processing for these informative cues compared with the neutral cue baseline. Some typical dependent variables indicating a benefit include faster RTs, higher accuracy, or overt or covert attentional measures of greater attention to target-colored items than distractor-colored items.Attentional-focus cues can be either internal (directed toward the body) or external (targeting something beyond the body) (Wulf, Hoss & Prinz 1998). Two examples: Internal cue: A trainer guiding a client through the upward portion of a bench press says, “Focus on extending your arms and squeezing your chest.”Wainstein et al., 2017). For example, Irons and colleagues (2017) showed that attentional cues (both auditory and visual) elicit pupil dilation, and this increase in pupil size reflects task difficulty, (i.e., more difficult task conditions elicit larger pupil dilations). If directing (which was not certified by peer review) is the author/funder.LEARNING OBJECTIVES. After reading this chapter, you should be able to: Understand why the attentional focus of external cues improves motor skill learning. Understand how the constrained action hypothesis explains the effectiveness of external versus internal cues. Understand the effect of attentional focus on the neuromuscular …Oct 1, 2016 · Abstract. Background: The phenotype of addiction includes prominent attentional biases for drug cues, which play a role in motivating drug-seeking behavior and contribute to relapse. In a separate line of research, arbitrary stimuli have been shown to automatically capture attention when previously associated with reward in non-clinical samples. This hypothesis was supported by some research in attention. For example, under high physiological arousal, the attention field narrows (cf. Easterbrook, 1959), which has a positive effect on performance if it blocks out unimportant distractions but a negative effect if the narrowing is so great that task-relevant cues are missed.Attentional focus, in the context of sport and exercise performance, refers to the process in which the athlete allocates mental resources to cues, stimuli, or states. Attentional focus is commonly classified along one or more dimensions. Nideffer proposed two dimensions of direction (internal or external) and width (broad or narrow).Search for: 'cue utilization theory' in Oxford Reference ». A theory that predicts that, as an athlete's arousal increases, his or her attention focus narrows and the narrowing process tends to gate out irrelevant environmental cues first and then, if arousal is high enough, the relevant ones. This results in reducing the availability of .... The role of cue–target translation in backward inhibition of attenEffects of cue validity on attentional selection - Abstract. The cue-reactivity paradigm is a widely adopted neuroimaging probe engendering brain activity linked with attentional, affective, and reward processes following presentation of appetitive stimuli. Jun 25, 2018 · The attentional network test (A An attention signal is an action completed by the teacher that is met with a reaction by the students. Perhaps the most basic of these call-and-responses is the often used: “1–2–3, eyes on me!” “1–2, eyes on you!”. Signals for classroom management can also be ways to begin a transition or communicate with each other during ... colors focuses on benefits to attentional processing for ...

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